In the mid 1600s, Piedigrotta church was carved into a cave. There's a legend about a painting of the Modonna of Piedigrotta that was on a ship that wrecked. The painting washed up on the shore at cave. Three times the painting was washed out to sea, but always came back to the same spot. They took this as a sign that that's where she wanted to be. So at the end of the 1800s, Angelo Barone, a local artist began going down and carving the cave wider. He saved some of the large rocks and carved groups of statues out of it. Upon his death, his son, a painter and photographer gave up his career to finish his father's work. He worked on it for 40 years.